The National Strategy to Support Family Caregivers (Strategy) is the result of three
years of focused effort by two Congressionally mandated advisory councils: The
Recognize, Assist, Include, Support, and Engage (RAISE) Act Family Caregiving
Advisory Council and The Advisory Council to Support Grandparents Raising
Grandchildren (SGRG) (collectively referred to herein as the Advisory Councils).
The two Advisory Councils were formed in 2019 to explore and document the
challenges faced by family caregivers and kin and grandparent caregivers, respectively.
Each was charged with providing actionable recommendations for supporting their
corresponding caregiving populations in a holistic way both now and in the future. In
addition, the RAISE Act directed the development of a family caregiving strategy.
In the U.S, almost 2.7 million children are currently being raised by kin—family members other than their parents. These families have been formed through both formal and informal processes. For the wellbeing of these children and their families, as well as for the professionals who serve them, we must take a more critical look at the current practices of kinship care and adoption.
Before formal adoption policies were established either in the United States or abroad, kinship care was a common practice in most cultures around the world. For centuries, when parents felt unable to raise a child or protect their safety for a period of time or indefinitely, they often reached out to relatives to step in and care for a child or children . This common practice of relying on relatives to help raise children still exists alongside formalized domestic and international adoption and foster care programs. However, because of these informal roots, many involved in kinship care and adoption are not receiving the necessary support to make permanent placement for these children secure and successful. Today there is often a gap in understanding how to address the needs of children who have experienced hardship and trauma and a lack of consistency in how to best support and educate families stepping in to care for these children.
This Resource Guide was developed by the Office
on Child Abuse and Neglect (OCAN) within the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services’ Children’s
Bureau, Child Welfare Information Gateway, and the
FRIENDS National Center for Community-Based Child
Abuse Prevention. OCAN released its first Resource
Guide more than 15 years ago with the goal of raising
awareness about emerging child abuse prevention
concepts. It was created primarily to support communitybased
service providers who work to prevent child
maltreatment and promote family well-being. However,
over the years many others—including policymakers,
health-care providers, program administrators, teachers,
child care providers, parent leaders, mentors, and clergy—have found the resources useful.
Legal and Financial Differences Between Adoption and Kinship Legal Guardianship (KLG)
The New Jersey Department of Children and Families (DCF) Division of Child Protection and Permanency (CP&P) strives to support all youth in care to achieve legal permanency
through reunification, adoption, or kinship legal guardianship (KLG). This document outlines legal and financial information regarding adoption and KLG. Additional information is
provided regarding policy, practice, and supports related to non-permanency CP&P case goals to provide a full picture of permanency options available
Family Matters: Multigenerational living is on the rise and here to stay.
Our results are clear: multigenerational living is indeed on the rise in 2021, with more than 1 in 4
Americans (26%) living in a household with 3 or more generations. Given our finding in 2011 that 7
percent of Americans lived in a multigenerational household,4 this means that multigenerational living
has nearly quadrupled in the past decade (a 271 percent increase from 20115 to 2021). This finding is
incredibly striking, and our survey reveals some of the impetus for this staggering growth.